Madurai is one of the ancient cities of South India with a marvelous history. It is famous for its world acclaimed Meenakshi Sundareswarar Holy place. The city of Madurai has been built in the form of a lotus and also is developed around the temple. It is positioned on the financial institutions of the river Vaigai. Owing to its rich social heritage and architectural splendor, the city is commonly described as the ‘Athens of the East’. The origin of Madurai dates back to the Sangam duration, the golden period of Tamil Literary works.
Inning accordance with mythology Madurai was earlier a woodland called Kadambavanam. As soon as a merchant travelling through the forest saw Indran, the King of Gods worshipping a Swayambhulingam under a Kadam tree. This was immediately reported to King Kulsekarer Pandayan. The king removed the forest and built a magnificent temple, referred to as the Sri Meenakshi Sundareswarer Temple, around the divine Lingam as well as later developed a stunning lotus-shaped city surrounding the holy place.
Lord Siva appeared on the naming ceremony of the city as well as honored it. The divine nectar (madhu) from the twisted locks of Siva fell on the honored city and so, the city came to be known as “Madhurapuri”. It is also said that centuries ago Lord Siva himself performed sixty-four wonders, called “Thiruvilaiyadals”, in Madurai. Hence, the holy city discovers reference in the wonderful Indian impressives – Ramayana, Kautilyas and also Arthasastra. Madurai additionally functioned as the funding of Pandayan Kings.
In 302 BC, Megasthanes visited Madurai and was adhered to by Marcopolo and Ibn Batuta, every one of whom discussed concerning their see in their travelogues. There were several others travelers, from countries like Rome and Greece, that checked out the city and well-known profession with the Pandya Kings. Madurai was caught by the Cholas in the 10th century AD and was ruled till the end of the 13th century. In 1223 ADVERTISEMENT, Pandyas involved power once again as well as purchased from the Tamil language. The city ended up being thriving throughout the power of the Pandya Kings.
Lots of master-pieces or “Silapathikaram” were developed throughout that time. The excellent Tamil impressive was additionally written throughout this time around. It is based upon the tale of Kannagi, that burnt Madurai instead of injustice caused to her spouse Kovalan. In April 1311, Malik Kafur, the general of Alauddin Khilji, the then leader of Delhi, plundered as well as robbed Madurai for precious stones, jewels, and also various other uncommon treasures. This was followed by succeeding raids by other Muslim Sultans. Lastly, in 1323, the Pandya kingdom came under the Delhi Realm ruled by the Tughlaks.
The year 1371 saw the failure of the Tughlaks as well as Madurai came under the regime of the Vijayanagar empire of Hampi. Kings of this dynasty left the recorded land to governors called Nayaks, for the effective administration of their empire. After the death of Krishna Deva Raya (King of Vijayanagar Empire) in 1530 ADVERTISEMENT, the Nayaks ended up being independent as well as began ruling the territories autonomously. Among Nayaks, Thirumalai Nayak (1623-1659) was the most prominent one.
He is remembered by the individuals of Madurai even today, for his tremendous payment to the city. He created several stunning structures around Madurai. The Raja Gopuram of the Meenakshi Amman Temple, the Pudu Mandapam and the Thirumalai Nayakar’s Royal residence are living instances of his interest for art. Later, Madurai got on the hands of the British’s East India Company. In 1781, British selected George Procter to look after the city. He was the first collector of Madurai.
After independence, Madurai turned into one of the significant industrial areas of Tamil Nadu. It is bordered by numerous hills, primarily Annamalai, Pasumalai and also Nagamalai, called after their resemblance to an Elephant, a Cow and also a Snake specifically. The city is a significant merchant of Jasmine flowers. Because of its historic background, the temple city of Madurai draws in thousands of explorers and also site visitors every year from India and also abroad.